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By William Pierce Shephard

From the INTRODUCTION.
In all languages owning a good constructed expiratory accessory there's discovered an inclination to weaken the syllables which stand at the decrease phases of accentuation. The strength dedicated to the creation of the syllable on which the primary accessory rests makes precious a discount within the strength of the expiration of the opposite syllables of the be aware. The vowels of those syllables then express a lack of sonority; and are prone to be lowered to that caliber which calls for the smallest amount of expiratory strength for his or her articulation. simply that half is left that is totally useful for the life of the syllable. Or, in different circumstances, the aid may match nonetheless farther. Then the weaker syllables disappear fullyyt; the power as soon as expended on their creation is going to swell the tension given to the extra hugely accented syllables, they usually lose their self sustaining life. to monitor the influence of those traits, we've purely to match a language with a chromatic—or musical—accent with one owning a robust expiratory rigidity. within the former, the entire vowels are articulated relatively and usually preserved via lengthy classes of improvement; within the latter, they're first diminished in strength, their articulation is slurred or hasty, they usually frequently disappear fullyyt. for instance, in historic Greek, which had definitely a tone-accent, there are nearly no examples of the syncope of unaccented vowels. the one circumstances of loss are as a result next contraction of 2 vowels status in hiatus after the outfall of an intervocal j or w. yet within the Teutonic department, nonetheless, the vowels of the unaccented syllables are always weakened; from the earliest interval this tendency can be saw, and its operation is unchecked at present day. In smooth English those vowels are always slurred in pronunciation, and are often weakened to the so-called '' irrational'' vowel (the sound of u in but), that's sometimes a trifling voice-glide, with out determined articulation.

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4, preferisce immaginare la caduta d i parole come erat, quod postea tra non e a principibus (E. Schönbauer, i n Iura 4,1953,226). Aggiunge consultorum dopo iuris anche M . , 243; e ora A. , 128; contrari tra gli altri, P. Frezza, Corso di storia del diritto romano, Roma, 1974\ 458 nt. 47 e A . Magdelain, lus respondendi, (1950) poi in lus imperium auctoritas, Roma, 1990, 127. 76 77 58 di, si preparasse a occuparsi di dare responsi alla gente. Le letture suggerite di questo passo sono numerose; chi voglia inoltrarsi nel labirinto delle interpretazioni, può rintracciare i riferimenti necessari nei lavori più recenti .

Oltre nt. 74. , Dig. 32; Gai. 278; Suet. Cl. 1. Con T i t o a un solo pretore sarebbero state affidate queste questioni. I temi qui affrontati vengono analiticamente discussi da D . Johnston, The Roman Law of Trusts, O x f o r d , 1988, secondo una ricostruzione rigorosamente storica che non indulge a dogmatismi o a slittamenti modernizzanti che spesso si riscontrano, nonostante le apparenze, anche nella bibliografìa italiana più recente. orat. 70. 45 46 47 35 l'unica conclusione non congetturale, e del resto ^contrabile in casi concreti riferiti da Celso e compiano , sui criteri che orientavano la scelta talunoo l'altro magistrato.

231. Complica ulteriormente le modalità dell'attestazione W . , 426; Herkunft und soziale Stellung der römischen Juristen, Graz-Wien-Köln, 1967 , 339 nt. 719. 88 89 2 63 vada inteso i n questo senso: la situazione prefigurata presupporrebbe la scrittura da parte non si sa bene chi, di testi che richiedevano invece una competenza tecnica. Penso invece che l'attestazione fosse orale. L'oralità d i quanto i consulenti dichiaravano valorizza l'alternativa che Vaut i n troduce tra le situazioni che sta confrontando.

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A contribution to the history of the unaccented vowels in Old French by William Pierce Shephard


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