Read e-book online A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50) PDF

By William D. Davies

ISBN-10: 3110224437

ISBN-13: 9783110224436

Madurese is a tremendous neighborhood language of Indonesia, with a few 14 million audio system, often at the island of Madura and adjoining elements of Java, making it the fourth biggest language of Indonesia after Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese. there isn't any present accomplished descriptive grammar of the language, with present reviews being both sketches of the full grammar, or exact descriptions of phonology and morphology or a few specific themes inside those elements of the grammar. there isn't any competing paintings that offers the breadth and intensity of assurance of this grammar, particularly (though no longer solely) in regards to syntax.

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Additional info for A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50)

Sample text

This is illustrated first for roots with bilabial stops in initial position. (25) underlying root /pɛna/ /bɛɔ/ surface root [pɛna] [bitɔ] actor voice [mɛna] [mɛ] ‘ask’ ‘count’ The data in (24) demonstrate the Vowel Raising process in deriving surface root forms and actor voice forms from the underlying forms /pɛa/ ‘ask’ and /bɛ/ ‘count’. The underlying forms contain only non-high vowels. In the surface root forms, [pa] and [bitɔ],18 the non-high vowel [ɛ] follows [p] in the first syllable of the first word and the high vowel [i] follows [b] in the first syllable of the second word, following the application of Vowel Raising.

See Chapter 9. 34 Chapter 2 Phonology lyses in which the conditioning environment depends on a feature that they refer to as [lowered larynx] which is manifested in the voiced and voiceless aspirated consonants. Given the conditioning environment, the non-high vowels are expected following [l], [r], [] and [s]. And that is what the data show when considering only word-initial [l], [r], and [s]. ) However, there are data in the previous sets that show instances of high vowels following [l] and [r].

This is illustrated first for roots with bilabial stops in initial position. (25) underlying root /pɛna/ /bɛɔ/ surface root [pɛna] [bitɔ] actor voice [mɛna] [mɛ] ‘ask’ ‘count’ The data in (24) demonstrate the Vowel Raising process in deriving surface root forms and actor voice forms from the underlying forms /pɛa/ ‘ask’ and /bɛ/ ‘count’. The underlying forms contain only non-high vowels. In the surface root forms, [pa] and [bitɔ],18 the non-high vowel [ɛ] follows [p] in the first syllable of the first word and the high vowel [i] follows [b] in the first syllable of the second word, following the application of Vowel Raising.

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A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50) by William D. Davies


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