By Markus Tendahl
A frightening new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made by way of relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid concept exhibits the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and chance of attaining a broader and extra real looking conception of our understanding.
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Extra info for A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics
Imagine the following situation: (13) In a football match, Gary passes the ball to Paul, who immediately rushes after the ball. Paul thinks that there is still a defender between himself and the opposing goalkeeper. Suddenly the referee blows the whistle and Paul realizes that he is offside. Paul most certainly did not assume that he is offside, but after the referee’s whistle this has become not only an assumption of his, but even a known fact. Paul infers from the perceived positions of the other players that he is offside.
At any rate, it is not manifestness itself which is really interesting, but the potential that both, or all, interlocutors form similar assumptions; in other words, that they coordinate their assumptions. Unless we do not want to write about coincidental circumstances leading to communication, we must insist that at least one of the interlocutors has a mental representation that can serve as the basis for communication. This representation should suffice for him to direct his addressee(s) towards accessing the necessary assumptions as well.
E. the speaker, has certain strongly manifest assumptions, which he also considers his addressee to entertain in at least a weakly manifest way. This thought is also described by Clark and Marshall (1981) when they write about potential physical co-presence. The following quote illustrates this notion. Imagine that Bob isn’t paying attention to the target candle, but it is easily within view. Ann can then say this candle, which gets Bob to look at it and complete the physical copresence of him, her, and the candle.
A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics by Markus Tendahl