By William Edward Maxwell
In contrast to another reproductions of vintage texts (1) we haven't used OCR(Optical personality Recognition), as this results in undesirable caliber books with brought typos. (2) In books the place there are pictures reminiscent of photographs, maps, sketches and so on we have now endeavoured to maintain the standard of those pictures, in order that they symbolize thoroughly the unique artefact. even supposing sometimes there's convinced imperfections with those outdated texts, we think they should be made on hand for destiny generations to take pleasure in.
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Extra info for A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay
Instruction derived from books must be supplemented by constant practice in speaking with Malays not with Malay-speaking Asiatics of other nationalities before idioms can be mastered. Until some facility in framing sen- tences according to native idioms has been attained, and it has been perceived how shades of meaning may be conveyed by emphasis, or by the position of a word in the sentence, the European will find it difficult to convey his ideas in Malay, even with a considerable vocabulary of words at his disposal.
Person plural is kita or kami, we. Kita is used MANUAL OF THE MALAY LANGUAGE. when the person addressed on is 49 intended to be included. the contrary, like the royal " we " Kami, in English, excludes the person addressed. Sometimes the word orang is added without changing the signification ; as kita orang, we. Other forms are also in use, but they are generally provincialisms confined to particular states or districts. Sahaya in Kedah, and apa, lata apa, and hamba tuan apa are used sahaya-ma in Perak, for Jcita orang.
Arimo, D. harimaung, panther), a tiger, may have been formed from Hari (Krishna or Vishnu) and mriga (an animal). , Krish7ia-mriga (the black 1 The terms in use for antelope), mahd-mriga (an elephant). not "horse" and "sheep" seem to indicate that those animals were first brought to Malay countries from India. KUda, horse (Kw. and S. kuda), is derived by Crawfurd from ghora Biri-biri (sheep) is (Hindi), by others from kudra (Tamul). ), a goat. Certain fabulous birds and reptiles which belong to the domain of Hindu mythology have their places also in 2 Malay folk-lore j such as garuda, the eagle of Vishnu, and Jatdyu (Malay jintdyu), a fabulous vulture; name given by Malays never seen, a dragon, is to a fabulous bird also evidently of Sanskrit origin.
A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay by William Edward Maxwell