Download e-book for iPad: Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple by Jean Starobinski

By Jean Starobinski

ISBN-10: 2020217953

ISBN-13: 9782020217958

Pourquoi dans l. a. vie quotidienne, affirme-t-on qu’une state of affairs intolérable appelle une réaction ? remark les biologistes en sont-ils venus à penser les rapports du vivant et du milieu en termes d’interaction ? Pour quelle raison l. a. psychiatrie a-t-elle adopté, il y a un siècle, l. a. catégorie des affections réactionnelles ? Pourquoi le notion d’abréaction fut-il inventé puis abandonné par los angeles première psychanalyse ? Que veut-on faire entendre, quand on déclare qu’une politique est réactionnaire ? Dire que le totalitarisme nazi fut une réaction au totalitarisme communiste, n’est-ce pas l’excuser ? Le mot « réaction » et ses dérivés offrent leurs prone pour l’explication causale comme pour l. a. compréhension par sympathie. Ils nous viennent à l’esprit quand nous cherchons des réponses à nos problèmes. Or ces mots, précisément, ne font-ils pas problème ?C’est l’occasion pour, Jean Starobinski, d’examiner les filières intellectuelles à travers lesquelles le mot « réaction » et ses dérivés nous sont parvenus. Ce livre remonte au rôle que leur attribua l. a. scolastique, mais aboutit aux interrogations qui entourent aujourd’hui los angeles idea de progrès, sans laquelle los angeles réaction politique ne peut être pensée. Il convoque aussi bien les philosophes (Aristote, Leibniz, Kant, Nietzsche, Jaspers), que les savants (Newton, Bichat, Claude, Bernard, Bernheim, Freud) et les écrivains (Diderot, Benjamin consistent, Balzac, Poe, Valéry).

L’ouvrage est une traversée originale de los angeles tradition occidentale : il éclaire successivement les fondements de l. a. technology et l. a. protestation des poètes, parcourant ainsi les chemins qui conduisent à nos perplexités présentes.

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Extra info for Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple

Sample text

What happened first was a narrowing of the category of literature to so-called ‘creative’ or ‘imaginative’ work. The final decades of the eighteenth century witness a new division and demarcation of discourses, a radical reorganizing of what we might call the ‘discursive formation’ of English society. ‘Poetry’ comes to mean a good deal more than verse: by the time of Shelley’s Defence of Poetry (1821), it signifies a concept of human creativity which is radically at odds with the utilitarian ideology of early industrial capitalist England.

Lawrence a powerful critique of the inhumanity of industrial capitalist England. Lawrence, like Leavis himself, was among other things an inheritor of the nineteenth-century lineage of Romantic protest against the mechanized wage-slavery of capitalism, its crippling social oppressiveness and cultural devastation. But since both Lawrence and Leavis refused a political analysis of the system they opposed, they were left with nothing but talk about spontaneous-creative life which grew more stridently abstract the more it insisted on the concrete.

But it was also conceivable that you were destructively cutting yourself off from such men and women, who might be a little slow to recognize how a poetic enjambement enacted a movement of physical balancing. The lower-middle-class origins of the architects of English are perhaps relevant here. Nonconformist, provincial, hard-working and morally conscientious, the Scrutineers had no difficulty in identifying for what it was the frivolous amateurism of the upper-class English gentlemen who filled the early Chairs of Literature at the ancient Universities.

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Action et Réaction. Vie et Aventures d'un couple by Jean Starobinski

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