By Sarah Ashwin
Fiscal reform in post-Soviet Russia created not just a devastating decline in residing criteria, but additionally common lack of confidence and uncertainty. This booklet is the 1st to examine the placement from a gendered point of view, laying off new gentle at the manner within which Russians are dealing with the transformation of the labour industry. The ebook examines gender ameliorations in responses to fiscal reform, and considers the consequences of those for the labour industry results and wider overall healthiness of fellows and ladies in the course of transition. in accordance with unique learn conducted by way of an skilled staff of sociologists, the ebook analyses the trips of 240 women and men throughout the turbulent Russian labour marketplace of 1999-2001. It comprises chapters on: *the manner gender norms inherited from the Soviet period have stimulated responses to transition *sex segregation and discrimination within the labour marketplace *gender modifications in paintings orientations and behavior *who merits from networks *which lifestyles occasions are probably to begin downward financial trajectories.
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Additional info for Adapting to Russia's New Labour Market Gender and Employment Strategy (Routledgecurzon History of Russia and Eastern Europe)
The following sections consider this, looking first at men, and then at women. The discussion aims to highlight The post-Soviet gender order: imperatives and implications 35 the way in which local gender ideologies structure patterns of behaviour which are discussed in later chapters. Meanwhile, the discussion of outcomes focuses on the implications of the gender order for the well-being of men and women. Men: the pressure on providers As has been noted, the idea that men should be the main breadwinners remains strong.
She identifies the occurrences likely to precipitate downward trajectories, and explores the way in which gender mediates the impact of critical life events. 5 in 1993 (Clarke, 1999a: 120). 2 For an explanation of the phenomenon of ‘structural adjustment without mass unemployment’, see Clarke (1998). 3 It should be noted that Rosefielde blames the ‘Russian tradition’ of policymaking recklessness, rather than the policies of the Washington consensus, for the devastation (2000:1159). Given the record of neo-liberal policies elsewhere (see Stiglitz, 2002), this exoneration of Western neo-liberal policy advisers seems rather generous.
Initially, the state Adapting to Russia's New Labour Market 32 struggle with the patriarch was conducted through a combination of legislation and coercion which served to undermine male prerogative within the family (Kukhterin, 2000). After the compromise with the new Soviet family in the 1930s this campaign was relaxed, but the private power of men continued to be regarded with suspicion. This distrust found its expression in a notable silence about men’s domestic role: while mothers were glorified, Soviet men were not allowed to compete with the father-figures who led the Party.
Adapting to Russia's New Labour Market Gender and Employment Strategy (Routledgecurzon History of Russia and Eastern Europe) by Sarah Ashwin