By R. N. Reddy
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Extra info for Agricultural Process Engineering
Seed Cleaning Equipment It is not necessary to have expensive seed cleaning equipment to clean seed for small-scale production. With the exception of lettuce seed and a few others, the majority of crop seeds can be cleaned with homemade seed screens. Winnowing will still be necessary to remove smaller chaff. Many seeds can be screened with several different mesh sizes of hardware cloth. Hardware cloth is readily available in the following mesh sizes: W', 3/8", W', and 1/8". The W' and W' mesh sizes are available at most hardware stores.
Contribution of R&D to PHT of spices includes equipment and processes for cleaning, grading and packaging of whole spices and production of value-added products such as oleoresins and spice oils. Institutions like CFTRI, DFRL, Indian Institute of Spices Research and some of the SAUs including TNAU, Coimbatore have contributed significantly to this development. 25 lakh tonnes, valued at US$ 3 billion and projected export from India at that time was about 10% of the world trade. maintain India's share in the trade, the quality of spices and their products will have to be improved.
As the seed moisture content declines it comes into equilibrium with the relative humidity. After the seeds are cured they can be placed in a container. When drying seeds, choose plywood, window screen, or any hard, non-stick surface. Avoid using paper towels, newspaper, cardboard, or cloth because seeds will tend to stick to the surface making them difficult to remove. Beginning growers often make the mistake of drying squash seed on newspaper, which adheres permanently to the seed coat. No one wants to read the daily news on the surface of squash seed.
Agricultural Process Engineering by R. N. Reddy